how to make a high pressure hydraulic hose

2023/08/07

Hydraulic technology plays a vital role in various industries, including construction, mining, and manufacturing. A crucial component of any hydraulic system is the high-pressure hydraulic hose. This article will guide you through the process of making a high-pressure hydraulic hose, ensuring durability and reliability for your application.


1. Introduction to High-Pressure Hydraulic Hoses

2. Choosing the Right Materials for Your Hydraulic Hose

3. Assembly and Fittings: Essential Steps for a High-Quality Hose

4. Testing and Inspection: Ensuring Safety and Reliability

5. Maintenance Tips for Prolonging the Lifespan of Your Hydraulic Hose


1. Introduction to High-Pressure Hydraulic Hoses


High-pressure hydraulic hoses transmit fluid power within hydraulic machinery. They are designed to withstand extreme pressure levels, ensuring efficient transmission of energy. Not only do they withstand high pressures, but they also have to endure tremendous flexing, pulsation, and vibration. Consequently, it is crucial to understand the manufacturing process to create hoses that meet the required specifications.


2. Choosing the Right Materials for Your Hydraulic Hose


To manufacture a high-pressure hydraulic hose, selecting the right materials is crucial to ensure longevity and safety. The inner core, also known as the tube, plays a significant role in determining the hose's resistance to pressure and the type of fluid being conveyed. Most tubes are made of synthetic rubber or thermoplastics.


Synthetic Rubber:

Synthetic rubber is a widely used material due to its excellent resistance to fluids, high temperature, and abrasion. Nitrile rubber (NBR) is commonly used as it offers great oil resistance. Additionally, hoses with an NBR tube are suitable for petroleum-based hydraulic fluids.


Thermoplastics:

Thermoplastic hoses are gaining popularity due to their unique properties. They display excellent flexibility, chemical resistance, and the ability to withstand extreme temperatures. Common thermoplastics used for hydraulic hoses include polyamide (PA), polyurethane (PU), and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).


Reinforcement:

Reinforcement layers are crucial in providing the necessary strength to a hydraulic hose. They enhance the tube's ability to handle high-pressure applications. Reinforcement layers are typically made of steel wire braids or spirals, depending on the desired pressure rating. Braided hoses are usually lighter and more flexible, while spiral hoses provide increased strength and durability.


3. Assembly and Fittings: Essential Steps for a High-Quality Hose


The assembly process of a high-pressure hydraulic hose requires precision and expertise to ensure a secure and reliable connection. The following steps outline the standard assembly process:


Step 1: Cutting and preparation: Start by accurately measuring the desired length of the hose. Ensure a clean, square cut by employing a hydraulic hose cutting machine or a fine-toothed hacksaw. Remove any debris or loose particles from the inner tube.


Step 2: Selecting the fittings: Choose the appropriate hose fittings that will connect to the machinery or equipment being used. Fittings can be crimped or threaded, depending on the system's requirements.


Step 3: Attaching the fittings: Using a crimping machine, attach the selected fittings to the hose ends. This process tightly secures the fittings to the hose, preventing leaks or detachment during operation.


Step 4: Inspection: After assembly, it is essential to inspect the connections and ensure they meet the required specifications. This includes checking for appropriate crimp diameter, alignment, and the absence of any leaks or defects.


4. Testing and Inspection: Ensuring Safety and Reliability


Once the high-pressure hydraulic hose is assembled, it is crucial to perform thorough testing and inspection to ensure its functionality and reliability. The following tests are commonly conducted:


Pressure Test: The hose is subjected to pressures exceeding its maximum operating pressure to check for any leaks, bulges, or weak points. This test ensures that the hose can withstand the expected working pressures without any failure.


Burst Test: Similarly, the hose is exposed to pressures much higher than its maximum operating pressure until it ruptures. This test determines the hose's pressure threshold and helps identify the maximum pressure it can handle without bursting.


Visual Inspection: A visual inspection is conducted to identify any signs of damage or wear, such as cracks, abrasions, or loose fittings. Additionally, it is crucial to check for proper routing, clamping, and protection of the hose to prevent potential damage during operation.


5. Maintenance Tips for Prolonging the Lifespan of Your Hydraulic Hose


To ensure prolonged lifespan and optimal performance, incorporating proper maintenance practices is essential. Here are a few maintenance tips for your high-pressure hydraulic hoses:


Regular Inspection: Routinely inspect your hoses, fittings, and connections for signs of wear or damage. Address any issues promptly to prevent potential failures.


Proper Storage: Store your hydraulic hoses in a cool, dry area away from sunlight. Avoid storing them near heat sources or where they may be crushed or damaged.


Avoid Overbending: Do not exceed the recommended minimum bend radius of the hose. Overbending can cause the hose to fatigue and develop cracks.


Careful Handling: Handle your hoses with care; dragging them on rough surfaces can cause abrasions and cuts. Avoid sharp bends and take precautions when moving machinery that could potentially pinch or damage the hose.


Conclusion


Manufacturing a high-pressure hydraulic hose requires careful consideration of materials, precision assembly, and proper testing. By following these guidelines, you can create a robust and reliable hydraulic hose suitable for various demanding applications. Remember, regular maintenance and inspections are crucial to ensure prolonged hose lifespan and safe operation.

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